Industrial Steam Cleaning are cleaning appliances or devices that use steam to quickly dry, clean, and sanitize inanimate surfaces. Often the process is effective enough to disinfect or even sterilize the surfaces. The steam is produced in a boiler that heats tap water to high temperatures (240-310F/115-155C) to produce low-pressure (several atmospheres), low moisture (4 to 6% water)
The steam’s ability to clean is based primarily on its heat. The steam is applied to cleanable surfaces via a variety of insulated tools and accessories, thereby safely providing the energy needed to break soil bonds and release contaminants into water suspension, after which they can be removed by wiping or vacuuming.
This process uses very little water (usage is measured in liters or quarters per hour) compared to carpet cleaners or other cleaning devices (whose usage is measured in liters or gallons per minute), which use hot water instead of steam and are incorrectly called “steam cleaners”
The inherent low-moisture characteristics of Industrial Steam Cleaning make them suitable for use inside buildings and residences.
There are several manufacturers of industrial steam cleaners, with products ranging from higher-end Industrial Steam Cleaning products to inexpensive consumer models.
Industrial Steam Cleaning are cited as examples of green cleaning since they do not require the use of chemical cleaning solutions. They are growing in popularity because of Industrial steam cleaning ability to kill germs and in some cases disinfect without the use of chemical disinfectants. Steam has also been cited as effective in killing dust mites in carpet, bedding, and upholstery. Additionally, dry steam has shown to be effective for killing bed bugs and their eggs when reaching temperatures of 150-170 degrees.
In 2005, the University of Washington tested a Steam Cleaning in restrooms and reported labor savings and hygienic improvements over previous methods.
Industrial Steam Cleaning is frequently used in hypoallergenic environments because they do not require the use of additional cleaning chemicals, which results in better indoor air quality and eliminates the need to handle or store cleaning agents. Steam has been shown effective in combating mold, bacteria, viruses, and other forms of bio-contamination.